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Un sábado de 1531 a principios de diciembre, un indio llamado Juan Diego, iba muy de madrugada del pueblo en que residía a la ciudad de México a asistir a sus clases de catecismo y a oír la Santa Misa. Al llegar junto al cerro llamado Tepeyac amanecía y escuchó una voz que lo llamaba por su nombre.

Él subió a la cumbre y vio a una Señora de sobrehumana belleza, cuyo vestido era brillante como el sol, la cual con palabras muy amables y atentas le dijo: "Juanito: el más pequeño de mis hijos, yo soy la siempre Virgen María, Madre del verdadero Dios, por quien se vive. Deseo vivamente que se me construya aquí un templo, para en él mostrar y prodigar todo mi amor, compasión, auxilio y defensa a todos los moradores de esta tierra y a todos los que me invoquen y en Mí confíen. Ve donde el Señor Obispo y dile que deseo un templo en este llano. Anda y pon en ello todo tu esfuerzo".

De regresó a su pueblo Juan Diego se encontró de nuevo con la Virgen María y le explicó lo ocurrido. La Virgen le pidió que al día siguiente fuera nuevamente a hablar con el obispo y le repitiera el mensaje. Esta vez el obispo, luego de oir a Juan Diego le dijo que debía ir y decirle a la Señora que le diese alguna señal que probara que era la Madre de Dios y que era su voluntad que se le construyera un templo.

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Virgin Of Guadalupe

Our Lady of Guadalupe is a Marian devotion of the Catholic Church, whose image has its principal place of worship at the Basilica of Guadalupe in northern Mexico City.

According to Mexican tradition, one the Virgin Mary of Guadalupe appeared four times to Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin on the hill of Tepeyac. According to the story known as Nican Mopohua Guadalupe, after a fourth apparition, the Virgin instructed Juan Diego to appear before the first bishop of Mexico, Juan de Zumarraga. Juan Diego took some roses in his cloak-flowers that are not native to Mexico, nor thrive in the arid territory-which cut at Tepeyac, according to the order of the Virgin. Juan Diego unfolded his tilma before the bishop Juan de Zumarraga, revealing the image of Mary, dark and mestizo features.

The mariofanías took place in 1531, the last occurring on December 12 of that year. The most important source that tells Mopohua Nican is attributed to the Indian Antonio Valeriano (1522-1605) and published in 1649 by Father Miguel Sanchez in his book Image of the Virgin Mary Mother of God of Guadalupe, helping to disseminate widely the Guadalupe devotion.

According to Catholic tradition, Saint Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin, whom John Paul II in 1990 titled "the confidant of the sweet Lady of Tepeyac" -2 Cuauhtitlán born in 1474 in then kingdom of Texcoco, belonging to the ethnic group of the Chichimeca. His name was Cuauhtlatoatzin, which in their native language meant "talking eagle" or "he who speaks with an eagle."

As an adult and parent, attracted by the doctrine of the Franciscans arrived in Mexico in 1524, was baptized along with his wife Maria Lucia. Celebrated Christian marriage, lived chastely until the death of his wife, who died in 1529. A man of faith, was consistent with their baptismal obligations, regularly nourishing their union with God through the Eucharist and study the catechism.

On December 9, 1531, while he was walking to Tlatelolco, in a place called Tepeyac, had an apparition of the Virgin Mary, who appeared to him as "the perfect ever Virgin Mary, Mother of the true God." The Virgin instructed it to request the name of the capital the Franciscan Bishop Juan de Zumarraga, building a church on the site of the apparition. As the Bishop did not accept the idea, the Virgin asked him insisted. The next day, Sunday, Juan Diego returned to find the prelate, who examined him in Christian doctrine and asked objective evidence confirming the prodigy.

On 12 December 1531, while the saint was heading back to the city, the Virgin was reintroduced and comforted him, inviting him to climb to the top of the hill of Tepeyac to pick flowers and traérselas her. Despite the cold winter season and the dryness of the place, Juan Diego found some very beautiful flowers. Once collected placed them in his "tilma" and took them to the Virgin, who sent him to present them to the bishop as proof of veracity. Once before the holy bishop opened his "tilma" and dropped the flowers while the tissue appeared inexplicably printed, the image of the Virgin of Guadalupe, which from that time became the spiritual heart of the Church in Mexico .

The saint, moved by a tender and deep devotion to the Mother of God, his family left the house, property and land and, with the permission of the bishop, went to live in a poor house by the temple ' Lady of Heaven. " His concern was the cleanliness of the chapel and the reception of pilgrims visiting the small chapel, now converted into a basilica, an eloquent symbol of Marian devotion of Mexicans to the Virgin of Guadalupe.

In the spirit of poverty and humble life Juan Diego walked the path of holiness, dedicating much of his time to prayer, contemplation and penance. Docile to ecclesiastical authority, three times per week received the Holy Eucharist.

In his homily, His Holiness gave the May 6, 1990 at the Shrine, said how "the news that we have received from him praising his Christian virtues: faith simple [...], his trust in God and in the Virgin , his charity, his moral integrity, detachment and evangelical poverty. Leading a life of hermit here near Tepeyac, was an example of humility '.2

Juan Diego, lay faithful to God's grace, enjoyed high esteem among his contemporaries that they used to tell their children: "May God make you like Juan Diego" .2

Juan Diego died in 1548, with a reputation for holiness. His memory, always together with the fact of the appearance of the Virgin of Guadalupe, crossed the centuries, reaching the whole America, Europe and Asia.

On April 9, 1990, before His Holiness was enacted in Rome the decree De vitae of cultural sanctitate ab et tempore immemorabili Ioanni Didaco praestito Servo Dei. On May 6, 1990, in the Basilica, John Paul II presided over the solemn celebration in honor of Juan Diego, decorated with the title of Blessed.

Precisely in those days, in the same archdiocese of Mexico City, there was an extraordinary fact that the Catholic Church attributed to the intercession of Juan Diego, which opened the door that led to the current celebration. In the words of John Paul II, Juan Diego "represents all Indians who recognized the gospel of Jesus' 2. Finally, Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin was canonized by John Paul II himself in a celebration held in Mexico City, Wednesday, July 31, 2002, during one of his apostolic journeys.